Software designed to help businesses manage inventory, sales, purchasing, shipping and related functions. Inventory management software solutions often work with barcode, RFID and wireless tracking technology to support inventory tracking and control. The general term of inventory software can encompass additional aspects of a company's operations - including warehouse management systems, supply chain management and operations management - in tracking products or components as they move from vendors to warehouses, between warehouses, and finally to retail locations or directly to customers.
RFID systems consists of an antenna and a transceiver, which read the radio frequency and transfer the information to a processing device, and a transponder, or tag, which is an integrated circuit containing the RF circuitry and information to be transmitted.
RFID Systems can be used just about anywhere, from clothing tags to missiles to pet tags to food -- anywhere that a unique identification system is needed. The tag can carry information as simple as a pet owners name and address or the cleaning instruction on a sweater to as complex as instructions on how to assemble a car. Some auto manufacturers use RFID systems to move cars through an assembly line. At each successive stage of production, the RFID tag tells the computers what the next step of automated assembly is.
One of the key differences between RFID and bar code technology is RFID eliminates the need for line-of-sight reading that bar coding depends on. Also, RFID scanning can be done at greater distances than bar code scanning. High frequency RFID systems (850 MHz to 950 MHz and 2.4 GHz to 2.5 GHz) offer transmission ranges of more than 90 feet, although wavelengths in the 2.4 GHz range are absorbed by water (the human body) and therefore has limitations. RFID is also called dedicated short range communication (DSRC).